by Julie Cohen, UC Santa Barbara
Situated between the Santa Ynez Mountains and the coastal plain to the north and the unique Northern Channel Islands archipelago to the south, the coastal zone of Southern California near Santa Barbara is especially alluring.
A new children’s book, The Golden Forest (Muddy Boots, 2017), delves into the region’s unique characteristics and diversity. Co-authored by two UC Santa Barbara marine biologists for the schoolyard program of the National Science Foundation’s Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) network, the 32-page volume explores the connection between giant kelp forest (Macrocystis pyrifera) and sandy beach ecosystems that make up the Santa Barbara Coastal (SBC) LTER project based at UCSB.
“We wrote the book knowing that Santa Barbara schools had chosen ocean science for the new sixth-grade curriculum,” explained Carol Blanchette, a research biologist at UCSB’s Marine Science Institute (MSI) who formerly oversaw education and outreach for the SBC-LTER. Real-life experiences inspired Blanchette, now director of the NRS's Valentine Camp Reserve and Sierra Nevada Aquatic Research Laboratory, to write The Golden Forest.
The book centers on Owen, who travels from Colorado to stay with his marine biologist aunt in coastal California. Educational adventures ensue as he and cousin Neko explore the beach, conducting experiments on giant kelp that washed ashore during a storm.
When the cousins have a tug-of-war with a single strand of kelp, called a stipe, it snaps. But when they pull on three stipes together, they are unable to break them. Blanchette said she got the idea from schoolchildren on a UCSB field trip who were exploring the concept of disturbance — when large storms break or dislodge kelp from the ocean and deposit it on the beach. “This exercise not only shows the kids how strong the kelp is but also is a lot of fun for them,” she noted.
As the story continues, Owen and Neko lay out a piece of fresh kelp and use a shell and some driftwood to mark its location on the beach. They return the next day to find the wrack — the proper name for beached kelp — has almost disappeared. The culprit? Beach hoppers, small shrimplike crustaceans that eat kelp at night and then burrow in damp sand around piles of kelp in the morning.
According to co-author Jenifer Dugan, an MSI research biologist, the characters’ experiment replicates what scientists actually do. “The fact that it’s encapsulated in this story is really cool,” Dugan said. “We’ve had positive feedback about the book from scientists that we respect as well as from children who have read the book and loved it.”
As part of MSI’s decade-old Oceans to Classrooms program, sixth-grade classes will read the book before they visit UCSB and tour the campus beach, where marine biologists explain the science. “This way, the kids will be excited to look at the kelp and to pick up the sand and sift through it looking for sand crabs and such,” Blanchette said.
The book unites existing study modules about kelp forests and the sandy beach to explore the idea of connections across ecosystems. MSI is developing additional curricula based on the book.
“The book lays the groundwork for introducing students to observational science and linking it to the kind of quantitative reasoning that scientists use,” Dugan explained. “The sandy beach ecosystem is very user-friendly and accessible to all ages, and the book opens the door to doing a little gee-whiz science with schoolchildren on our campus beaches, which are remarkably rich.”